General description of project area
Name of the project area: Börzsöny – Nagyoroszi
Surface area (ha): 77.750
EU protection status SPA: NATURA 2000 Code HUDI10002
EU protection status SCI: NATURA 2000 Code HUDI20008
Other protection status according to national or regional legislation: National Park
The main uses of the project site: The main land uses: Nature Conservation 60%, forestry 40%
The ownership status: Sate property 100%
Scientific description of project area
The hillsides of Northern-Börzsöny have lower attendance and general reputation than the central parts. The six forest compartments with dozens of forest sub-compartments constitute a single forest block and is bisected by the Hévíz brook which is situated on the lower side, where the highest point is around 400 m above sea level.
Besides that the age structure of these forests (40-110 years) is adequately diversified, the composition by species is also properly varied. Typically the Quercus petrae and Quercus cerris are the main tree species of all kind of stands and consequently the Natura 2000 marker habitats are the 91G0* Pannonic woods with Quercus petraea and Carpinus betulus (48%) and the 91M0 Pannonian- Balkanic turkey oak –sessile oak forests (41%). The presence of the invasive Robinia pseudoacacia is
posing hazard to the natural values of the area and the 91G0* Pannonic woods with Quercus petraea and Carpinus betulus.
The project area is abundant in natural values, but in this aspect its exploration is still insufficient (considering the marginal position and the variations, but the stands are typically not old enough for research).
The major protected botanical species: Cephalanthera longifolia, Dryopteris carthusiana, Neottia nidusavis, Lychnys coronaria
Priority animals of the area:
- Mammals: Felis silvestris, Myotis bechsteinii, Myotis myotis, Rhinolophus hipposideros
- Birds: Dryocopus martius, Dendrocopos leucotos, Ficedula albicollis, Pernis apivorus, Picus
canus, and Strix aluco
- Amphibians: Rana dalmatina
- Reptiles: Anguis fragilis, and Lacerta viridis
- Beetles: Cerambyx cerdo, Dorcus parallelipipedus and Lucanus cervus Butterflies: Eriogaster catax, Parnassius Mnemosyne
Importance of the project area for biodiversity and/or for the conservation of the species /habitat types targeted at regional, national and EU level
The potentials of the area is prominent to significantly rise the chance of the continuance of natural values by the elimination of the invasive Robinia pseudoacacia and by making the structure of the habitat more diversified. As the economic objective of forestry is characteristic in the entire Börzsöny Mountains, therefore it is not only locally but also regionally important in the case of certain species (fungus, insects and birds) to form such – fundamentally tranquil – blocks in which the main objective is not logging. Oak forests have a significant potential to maintain the native deciduous forests for a long time. Improving and maintaining the quality of the referred Natura 2000 marker habitats is important even on an EU level.
Flagship species of project area
Hypnum moss, Picus canus, Felis silvestris